Part 9 of Indian Constitution The Panchayats

The Panchayats Part 9 of Indian Constitution has Articles 243 to 243-O

PDF Download Part 9 of Indian Constitution, Constitution of India Part 9

What is Part 9 of Indian Constitution

Part IX of the Indian Constitution deals with the “Panchayats” or local self-government institutions in rural areas. It lays the foundation for the establishment of Panchayats and devolves powers and responsibilities to these grassroots-level bodies. Part IX consists of Articles 243 to 243-O.

Here are the key features and provisions of Part IX:

  1. Three-Tier System: Part IX envisions a three-tier system of Panchayats at the village, intermediate (block or taluka), and district levels. This tiered structure allows for local self-governance at multiple levels.
  2. Reservation of Seats: Article 243D empowers the states to reserve seats for Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), and women in Panchayats to ensure adequate representation of these marginalized groups.
  3. Duration of Panchayats: Article 243E specifies the duration of Panchayats, which is five years. Elections to constitute new Panchayats must be held before the expiration of the current term.
  4. State Legislation: Article 243G empowers the state legislatures to enact laws to regulate the composition, powers, and functions of Panchayats. These laws vary from state to state.
  5. Powers and Functions: Part IX details the powers and functions of Panchayats, including matters related to agriculture, health, education, local economic development, and social justice. Panchayats have the authority to levy taxes, collect revenue, and make plans for economic development and social justice.
  6. Finance Commission: Article 243-I mandates the appointment of a State Finance Commission to recommend financial arrangements between the state government and the Panchayats.
  7. Election Commission: Article 243K establishes a State Election Commission for the conduct of Panchayat elections in a fair and impartial manner.
  8. Reservation of Chairpersons: Article 243S allows for the reservation of the offices of Chairpersons of Panchayats at all levels for SCs, STs, and women in proportion to their population.
  9. Duration of Panchayats: Article 243U specifies the duration of Panchayats at all levels, which is also five years. Elections for new Panchayats must be held before the expiration of the current term.
  10. Powers to Impose Taxes: Panchayats have the authority to levy and collect taxes, duties, tolls, and fees as specified in Article 243X.

Constitution Of India Part 9 The Panchayats – Articles 243 to 243-O


Article 243 of Indian Constitution – The Panchayats

Article 243, 243A, 243B, 243C, 243D, 243E, 243F, 243G, 243H, 243I, 243J, 243K, 243L, 243M, 243N, 243O of Indian Constitution: The Panchayats Article 243 The Panchayats - Constitution Of India In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “district” means a district in a State; (b) “Gram Sabha” means ...

Article 243A of Indian Constitution – Gram Sabha

Article 243A Gram Sabha A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. PDF Download Article 243A of Indian Constitution, Constitution of India Article 243A What is Article 243A of Indian Constitution
  • This ...

Article 243B Constitution of Panchayats

Article 243B Constitution of Panchayats (1) There shall be constituted in every State, Panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels in accordance with the provisions of this Part. (2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), Panchayats at the intermediate level may not be constituted in a State having a population ...

Article 243C Composition of Panchayats

Article 243C Composition of Panchayats (1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the Legislature of a State may, by law, make provisions with respect to the composition of Panchayats: Provided that the ratio between the population of the territorial area of a Panchayat at any level and the number ...

Article 243D Reservation of seats

Article 243D Reservation of seats (1) Seats shall be reserved for— (a) the Scheduled Castes; and (b) the Scheduled Tribes, in every Panchayat and the number of seats so reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by ...

Article 243E Duration of Panchayats

Article 243E Duration of Panchayats (1) Every Panchayat, unless sooner dissolved under any law for the time being in force, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer. (2) No amendment of any law for the time being in force shall have ...

 

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Exit mobile version