The Panchayats Part 9 of Indian Constitution has Articles 243 to 243-O
What is Part 9 of Indian Constitution
Part IX of the Indian Constitution deals with the “Panchayats” or local self-government institutions in rural areas. It lays the foundation for the establishment of Panchayats and devolves powers and responsibilities to these grassroots-level bodies. Part IX consists of Articles 243 to 243-O.
Here are the key features and provisions of Part IX:
- Three-Tier System: Part IX envisions a three-tier system of Panchayats at the village, intermediate (block or taluka), and district levels. This tiered structure allows for local self-governance at multiple levels.
- Reservation of Seats: Article 243D empowers the states to reserve seats for Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), and women in Panchayats to ensure adequate representation of these marginalized groups.
- Duration of Panchayats: Article 243E specifies the duration of Panchayats, which is five years. Elections to constitute new Panchayats must be held before the expiration of the current term.
- State Legislation: Article 243G empowers the state legislatures to enact laws to regulate the composition, powers, and functions of Panchayats. These laws vary from state to state.
- Powers and Functions: Part IX details the powers and functions of Panchayats, including matters related to agriculture, health, education, local economic development, and social justice. Panchayats have the authority to levy taxes, collect revenue, and make plans for economic development and social justice.
- Finance Commission: Article 243-I mandates the appointment of a State Finance Commission to recommend financial arrangements between the state government and the Panchayats.
- Election Commission: Article 243K establishes a State Election Commission for the conduct of Panchayat elections in a fair and impartial manner.
- Reservation of Chairpersons: Article 243S allows for the reservation of the offices of Chairpersons of Panchayats at all levels for SCs, STs, and women in proportion to their population.
- Duration of Panchayats: Article 243U specifies the duration of Panchayats at all levels, which is also five years. Elections for new Panchayats must be held before the expiration of the current term.
- Powers to Impose Taxes: Panchayats have the authority to levy and collect taxes, duties, tolls, and fees as specified in Article 243X.
Constitution Of India Part 9 The Panchayats – Articles 243 to 243-O