Article 243M Part not to apply to certain areas

Article 243M Part not to apply to certain areas

(1) Nothing in this Part shall apply to the Scheduled Areas referred to in clause (1), and the tribal areas referred to in clause (2), of article 244.

(2) Nothing in this Part shall apply to—

(a) the States of Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram;

(b) the hill areas in the State of Manipur for which District Councils exist under any law for the time being in force.

(3) Nothing in this Part—

(a) relating to Panchayats at the district level shall apply to the hill areas of the District of Darjeeling in the State of West Bengal for which Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council exists under any law for the time being in force;

(b) shall be construed to affect the functions and powers of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council constituted under such law. 1 [(3A) Nothing in article 243D, relating to reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes, shall apply to the State of Arunachal Pradesh.]

(4) Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution,—

(a) the Legislature of a State referred to in subclause (a) of clause (2) may, by law, extend this part to that State, except the areas, if any, referred to in clause (1), if the Legislative Assembly of that State passes a resolution to that effect by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting;

(b) Parliament may, by law, extend the provisions of this Part to the Scheduled Areas and the tribal areas referred to in clause (1) subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be specified in such law, and no such law shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

PDF Download Article 243M of Indian Constitution, Constitution of India Article 243M

What is Article 243M of Indian Constitution

  • Article 243M emphasizes the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and women in Panchayats at various levels (village, intermediate, and district) based on their population proportions in the respective areas. It also requires that not less than one-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs should be reserved for women from these communities. Additionally, it mandates that at least one-third of the total seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat must be reserved for women. Finally, it allows for the reservation of the offices of Chairpersons in Panchayats for SCs, STs, and women, with the specific details determined by the State Legislature through appropriate laws.
  • The purpose of these reservations is to promote social justice, political representation, and gender equality at the grassroots level of governance.

 


Constitution Of India Part 9 The Panchayats – Articles 243 to 243-O


Article 243 of Indian Constitution – The Panchayats

Article 243, 243A, 243B, 243C, 243D, 243E, 243F, 243G, 243H, 243I, 243J, 243K, 243L, 243M, 243N, 243O of Indian Constitution: The Panchayats Article 243 The Panchayats - Constitution Of India In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,— (a) “district” means a district in a State; (b) “Gram Sabha” means ...

Article 243A of Indian Constitution – Gram Sabha

Article 243A Gram Sabha A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. PDF Download Article 243A of Indian Constitution, Constitution of India Article 243A What is Article 243A of Indian Constitution
  • This ...

Article 243B Constitution of Panchayats

Article 243B Constitution of Panchayats (1) There shall be constituted in every State, Panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels in accordance with the provisions of this Part. (2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), Panchayats at the intermediate level may not be constituted in a State having a population ...

Article 243C Composition of Panchayats

Article 243C Composition of Panchayats (1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the Legislature of a State may, by law, make provisions with respect to the composition of Panchayats: Provided that the ratio between the population of the territorial area of a Panchayat at any level and the number ...

Article 243D Reservation of seats

Article 243D Reservation of seats (1) Seats shall be reserved for— (a) the Scheduled Castes; and (b) the Scheduled Tribes, in every Panchayat and the number of seats so reserved shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of seats to be filled by ...

Article 243E Duration of Panchayats

Article 243E Duration of Panchayats (1) Every Panchayat, unless sooner dissolved under any law for the time being in force, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer. (2) No amendment of any law for the time being in force shall have ...

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