IPC 354C – Voyeurism

Indian Penal Code IPC 354C Section PDF

IPC 354C – Voyeurism

Indian Penal Code IPC 354C Section

Any man who watches, or captures the image of a woman engaging in a private act in circumstances where she would usually have the expectation of not being observed either by the perpetrator or by any other person at the behest of the perpetrator or disseminates such image shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than one year, but which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine, and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than three years, but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Explanation 1.—For the purpose of this section, “private act” includes an act of watching carried out in a place which, in the circumstances, would reasonably be expected to provide privacy and where the victim’s genitals, posterior or breasts are exposed or covered only in underwear; or the victim is using a lavatory; or the victim is doing a sexual act that is not of a kind ordinarily done in public.

Explanation 2.—Where the victim consents to the capture of the images or any act, but not to their dissemination to third persons and where such image or act is disseminated, such dissemination shall be considered an offence under this section.

 

THE INDIAN PENAL CODE Section 354C, IPC 354C PDF Download

What is IPC 354c, Section 354c Indian Penal Code

Section IPC 354C: Voyeurism

  • IPC 354C criminalizes the act of voyeurism, which involves watching or capturing images of a person engaged in a private act without their consent and with the intention to gratify one’s sexual desire or to harm, insult, or annoy the person.
  • The term “private act” refers to acts that are intended to be private and not typically done in public.
  • IPC 354C aims to protect an individual’s privacy and dignity by penalizing those who engage in voyeuristic activities.

The punishment for offenses under IPC 354C includes imprisonment for up to three years and a fine. For subsequent convictions, the punishment can be more severe.

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