Right to Equality (Equality before law), Article 14 of Indian Constitution

Right to Equality (Equality before law), Article 14 of Indian Constitution

Right to Equality (Equality before law), Article 14 of Indian Constitution

The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Article 15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth – Constitution of India

  1. The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
  2. No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to
    1. access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or
    2. the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.
  3. Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.
  4. Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
  5. Nothing in this article or in sub-clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision, by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30.

Article 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment – Constitution of India

(1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.

(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office under the State.

(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory] prior to such employment or appointment.

(4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State.

(4A) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for reservation 3 [in matters of promotion, with consequential seniority, to any class] or classes of posts in the services under the State in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the State, are not adequately represented in the services under the State.]

(4B) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from considering any unfilled vacancies of a year which are reserved for being filled up in that year in accordance with any provision for reservation made under clause (4) or clause (4A) as a separate class of vacancies to be filled up in any succeeding year or years and such class of vacancies shall not be considered together with the vacancies of the year in which they are being filled up for determining the ceiling of fifty per cent. reservation on total number of vacancies of that year.]

(5) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any law which provides that the incumbent of an office in connection with the affairs of any religious or denominational institution or any member of the governing body thereof shall be a person professing a
particular religion or belonging to a particular denomination.


Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35


Article 12 of Indian Constitution

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Article 13 of Indian Constitution

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Article 14 of Indian Constitution Right to Equality (Equality before law)

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Article 15 of Indian Constitution

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Article 16 of Indian Constitution

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Article 17 of Indian Constitution Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability)

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Article 18 of Indian Constitution Abolition of titles

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Article 19 of Indian Constitution Right to Freedom

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Article 20 of Indian Constitution

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Article 21 of Indian Constitution

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Article 22 of Indian Constitution

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Article 23 of Indian Constitution

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Article 24 of Indian Constitution

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Article 25 of Indian Constitution Right to Freedom of Religion

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Article 26 of Indian Constitution

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Article 27 of Indian Constitution

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Article 28 of Indian Constitution

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Article 29 of Indian Constitution Cultural and Educational Rights

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Article 30 of Indian Constitution

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Article 31 of Indian Constitution – 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D

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Article 32 of Indian Constitution – Right to Constitutional Remedies

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Article 33 of Indian Constitution

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Article 34 of Indian Constitution

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Article 35 of Indian Constitution

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