IPC 31 TO 40 Section

Indian Penal Code IPC 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 Section PDF

IPC 31 TO 40 Section

Indian Penal Code IPC 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 Section

IPC 31 A will

The words “a will” denote any testamentary document.

IPC 32. Words referring to acts include illegal omissions.—

In every part of this Code, except where a contrary intention appears from the context, words which refer to acts done extend also to illegal omissions.

IPC 33 Act Omission

The word “act” denotes as well as series of acts as a single act: the word “omission” denotes as well a series of omissions as a single omission.

IPC 34. Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention.—

When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner as if it were done by him alone.

IPC 35 When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention.—

Whenever an act, which is criminal only by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention, is done by several persons, each of such persons who joins in the act with such knowledge or intention is liable for the act in the same manner as if the act were done by him alone with that knowledge or intention.

IPC 36 Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission.—

Wherever the causing of a certain effect, or an attempt to cause that effect, by an act or by an omission, is an offence, it is to be understood that the causing of that effect partly by an act and partly by an omission is the same offence. Illustration A intentionally causes Z’s death, partly by illegally omitting to give Z food, and party by beating Z. A has committed murder.

IPC 37. Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence.—

When an offence is committed by means of several acts, whoever intentionally co-operates in the commission of that offence by doing any one of those acts, either singly or jointly with any other person, commits that offence.

Illustrations

(a) A and B agree to murder Z by severally and at different times giving him small doses of poison. A and B administer the poison according to the agreement with intent to murder Z. Z dies from the effects the several doses of poison so administered to him. Here A and B intentionally cooperate in the commission of murder and as each of them does an act by which the death is caused, they are both guilty of the offence though their acts are separate.

(b) A and B are joint jailors, and as such have the charge of Z, a prisoner, alternatively for six hours at a time. A and B, intending to cause Z’s death, knowingly co-operate in causing that effect by illegally omitting, each during the time of his attendance, to furnish Z with food supplied to them for that purpose. Z dies of hunger. Both A and B are guilty of the murder of Z.

(c) A, a jailor, has the charge of Z, a prisoner. A, intending to cause Z’s death, illegally omits to supply Z with food; in consequence of which Z is much reduced in strength, but the starvation is not sufficient to cause his death. A is dismissed from his office, and B succeeds him. B, without collusion or co-operation with A, illegally omits to supply Z with food, knowing that he is likely thereby to cause Z’s death. Z dies of hunger. B is guilty of murder, but, as A did not co-operate with B. A is guilty only of an attempt to commit murder.

IPC 38. Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences.—

Where several persons are engaged or concerned in the commission of a criminal act, they may be guilty of different offences by means of that act. Illustration A attacks Z under such circumstances of grave provocation that his killing of Z would be only culpable homicide not amounting to murder. B, having ill-will towards Z and intending to kill him, and not having been subject to the provocation, assists A in killing Z. Here, though A and B are both engaged in causing Z’s death, B is guilty of murder, and A is guilty only of culpable homicide.

IPC 39 Voluntarily

A person is said to cause an effect “voluntarily” when he causes it by means whereby he intended to cause it, or by means which, at the time of employing those means, he knew or had reason to believe to be likely to cause it. Illustration A sets fire, by night, to an inhabited house in a large town, for the purpose of facilitating a robbery and thus causes the death of a person. Here, A may not have intended to cause death; and may even be sorry that death has been caused by his act; yet, if he knew that he was likely to cause death, he has caused death voluntarily.

IPC 40 Offence

Except in the 2 [Chapters] and sections mentioned in clauses 2 and 3 of this section, the word “offence” denotes a thing made punishable by this Code. In Chapter IV, Chapter VA and in the following sections, namely, sections 4 [64, 65, 66, 5 [67], 71], 109, 110, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117,6 [118, 119 and 120] 187, 194, 195, 203, 211, 213, 214, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 347, 348, 388, 389 and 445, the word “offence” denotes a thing punishable under this Code, or under any special or local law as hereinafter defined. And in sections 141, 176, 177, 201, 202, 212, 216 and 441, the word “offence” has the same meaning when the thing punishable under the special or local law is punishable under such law with imprisonment for a term of six months or upwards, whether with or without fine.

 

THE INDIAN PENAL CODE Section 31 TO 40, IPC 31 TO 40 PDF Download

What is IPC 341, Section 341 Indian Penal Code

What is IPC 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 in Indian Penal Code

Section 31 – “Threatening to publish a defamatory matter”:

  • This section deals with situations where a person threatens to publish a defamatory matter about someone with the intention of extorting money or other advantages from that person.

Section 32 – “Voluntarily causing hurt”:

  • This section defines the offense of voluntarily causing hurt to someone with the intention of causing bodily pain or harm.

Section 33 – “Voluntarily causing grievous hurt”:

  • This section pertains to causing grievous hurt to someone intentionally. Grievous hurt is more severe than simple hurt and may include injuries that endanger life or cause permanent disfigurement.

Section 34 – “Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention”:

  • This section deals with situations where several individuals act together with a common intention. All of them can be held criminally liable for the act even if the actual act is committed by one or a few of them.

Section 35 – “When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention”:

  • Section 35 explains that acts are considered criminal if they are done with criminal knowledge or intention. It helps determine the mental state of the offender.

Section 36 – “Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission”:

  • This section addresses situations where an act and an omission (failure to act) combine to cause a particular effect. Both actions and inactions can be considered in determining criminal liability.

Section 37 – “Cooperation by doing one of several acts constituting an offense”:

  • This section deals with situations where an offense can be committed by doing one of several acts. In such cases, each person who does any of those acts with the requisite intent is considered to have committed the offense.

Section 38 – “Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offenses”:

  • This section explains that when several persons are concerned in a criminal act, they may be guilty of different offenses. Each person can be held responsible for the specific offense they committed.

Section 39 – “Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention”:

  • Section 39 further elaborates on situations where several persons act together in the furtherance of a common intention. It emphasizes that they are all criminally liable for the act.

Section 40 – “Offense committed in consequence of abetment”:

  • This section states that when an act is committed as a result of the abetment by another person, both the person who abets and the person who commits the act are criminally liable.

IPC PDF, Indian Penal Code All Section List

IPC 511

Indian Penal Code IPC 511 PDF CHAPTER 23 OF ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES IPC 511 - Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment. Whoever attempts to commit an offence punishable by this Code with [imprisonment for life] or imprisonment, or to cause such ...

IPC 510

Indian Penal Code IPC 510 PDF IPC 510 - Misconduct in public by a drunken person Whoever, in a state of intoxication, appears in any public place, or in any place which it is a trespass in him to enter, and there conducts himself in such a manner as to ...

IPC 509 Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman

Indian Penal Code IPC 509 PDF IPC 509 - Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman Whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any woman, utters any words, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that such word or sound shall be ...

IPC 508

Indian Penal Code IPC 508 PDF IPC 508 - Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure Whoever voluntarily causes or attempts to cause any person to do anything which that person is not legally bound to do, or to ...

IPC 507

Indian Penal Code IPC 507 PDF IPC 507 - Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication Whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication, or having taken precaution to conceal the name or abode of the person from whom the threat comes, shall be punished with imprisonment of ...

IPC 505

Indian Penal Code IPC 505 PDF IPC 505 - Statements conducing to public mischief (1) Whoever makes, publishes or circulates any statement, rumour or report,— (a) with intent to cause, or which is likely to cause, any officer, soldier, 3 [sailor or airman] in the Army, 4 [Navy or Air ...

Leave a Reply

Scroll to Top