Article 53 of Indian Constitution

Article 53 of Indian Constitution: Executive power of the Union

Article 53 Executive power of the Union – Constitution Of India

(1) The executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President and shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with this Constitution.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, the supreme command of the Defence Forces of the Union shall be vested in the President and the exercise thereof shall be regulated by law.

(3) Nothing in this article shall—

(3a) be deemed to transfer to the President any functions conferred by any existing law on the Government of any State or other authority; or

(3b) prevent Parliament from conferring by law functions on authorities other than the President.

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What is Article 53 of Indian Constitution

In simpler terms, Article 53 can be summarized as follows:

  1. Executive Power of the Union: The executive power of the Union (the central government) is vested in the President of India.
  2. Exercise of Executive Power: The President can exercise this executive power either directly or through officers who are subordinate to the President, as per the provisions of the Constitution.
  3. Supreme Command of Defence Forces: The President holds the supreme command of the Defence Forces of the Union (the armed forces), and the use of this power is regulated by law.

Article 53 is a fundamental provision that establishes the President as the head of the executive branch of the Indian government and outlines the President’s authority and responsibilities, including the control of the armed forces.


Constitution Of India Part 5 The Union – Articles 52 to 151


Article 52 of Indian Constitution

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Article 53 of Indian Constitution

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Article 54 of Indian Constitution – Election of President

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Article 56 of Indian Constitution – Term of office of President

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Article 57 of Indian Constitution – Eligibility for Re-Election

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