Article 31A of Indian Constitution

Article 31A of Indian Constitution

Article 31A Constitution of India

31A – Constitution of India

  1. Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law providing for—
    1.  the acquisition by the State of any estate or of any rights therein or the extinguishment or modification of any such rights, or
    2. the taking over of the management of any property by the State for a limited period either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of the property, or
    3. the amalgamation of two or more corporations either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of any of the corporations, or
    4. the extinguishment or modification of any rights of managing agents, secretaries and treasurers, managing directors, directors or managers of corporations,
    5. the extinguishment or modification of any rights accruing by virtue of any agreement, lease or licence for the purpose of searching for, or winning, any mineral or mineral oil, or the premature termination or cancellation of any such agreement, lease or licence, shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by 1 [article 14 or article 19]: Provided that where such law is a law made by the Legislature of a State, the provisions of this article shall not apply thereto unless such law, having been reserved for the consideration of the President, has received his assent:] [Provided further that where any law makes any provision for the acquisition by the State of any estate and where any land comprised therein is held by a person under his personal cultivation, it shall not be lawful for the State to acquire any portion of such land as is within the ceiling limit applicable to him under any law for the time being in force or any building or structure standing thereon or appurtenant thereto, unless the law relating to the acquisition of such land, building or structure, provides for payment of  compensation at a rate which shall not be less than the market value thereof.]
  2. In this article,—
    1. the expression ”estate” shall, in relation to any local area, have the same meaning as that expression or its local equivalent has in the existing law relating to land tenures in force in that area and shall also include—
      1. any jagir, inam or muafi or other similar grant and in the States of 4[Tamil Nadu] and Kerala, any janmam right;
      2.  any land held under ryotwari settlement;
      3. any land held or let for purposes of agriculture or for purposes ancillary thereto, including waste land, forest land, land for pasture
        or sites of buildings and other structures occupied by cultivators of land, agricultural labourers and village artisans;]
    2. the expression ”rights”, in relation to an estate, shall include any rights vesting in a proprietor, subproprietor, under-proprietor, tenure-holder, 1 [raiyat, under-raiyat] or other intermediary and any rights or privileges in respect of land revenue.]

Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35


Article 12 of Indian Constitution

Article 12 of Indian Constitution: Definition Article 12 Definition - Constitution Of India In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State’’ includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory ...

Article 13 of Indian Constitution

Article 13 of Indian Constitution: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights - Constitution Of India
  1. All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so ...

Article 14 of Indian Constitution Right to Equality (Equality before law)

Article 14 of Indian Constitution: Right to Equality (Equality before law) Article 14 Right to Equality (Equality before law) - Constitution Of India The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. Constitution Of India ...

Article 15 of Indian Constitution

Article 15 of Indian Constitution: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth Article 15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth – Constitution of India
  1. The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds ...

Article 16 of Indian Constitution

Article 16 of Indian Constitution: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment Article 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment - Constitution of India (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State ...

Article 17 of Indian Constitution Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability)

Article 17 of Indian Constitution: Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability) Article 17 Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability) - Constitution of India “Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of  Untouchability” shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. Constitution Of India ...

 

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