Article 31 of Indian Constitution – 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D

Article 31 of Indian Constitution: Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.

Article 31, 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc. – Constitution of India

31. [Compulsory acquisition of property.] Rep. by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, s. 6 (w.e.f. n20-6-1979)

Article 31A – Constitution of India

  1. Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law providing for—
    1.  the acquisition by the State of any estate or of any rights therein or the extinguishment or modification of any such rights, or
    2. the taking over of the management of any property by the State for a limited period either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of the property, or
    3. the amalgamation of two or more corporations either in the public interest or in order to secure the proper management of any of the corporations, or
    4. the extinguishment or modification of any rights of managing agents, secretaries and treasurers, managing directors, directors or managers of corporations,
    5. the extinguishment or modification of any rights accruing by virtue of any agreement, lease or licence for the purpose of searching for, or winning, any mineral or mineral oil, or the premature termination or cancellation of any such agreement, lease or licence, shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by 1 [article 14 or article 19]: Provided that where such law is a law made by the Legislature of a State, the provisions of this article shall not apply thereto unless such law, having been reserved for the consideration of the President, has received his assent:] [Provided further that where any law makes any provision for the acquisition by the State of any estate and where any land comprised therein is held by a person under his personal cultivation, it shall not be lawful for the State to acquire any portion of such land as is within the ceiling limit applicable to him under any law for the time being in force or any building or structure standing thereon or appurtenant thereto, unless the law relating to the acquisition of such land, building or structure, provides for payment of  compensation at a rate which shall not be less than the market value thereof.]
  2. In this article,—
    1. the expression ”estate” shall, in relation to any local area, have the same meaning as that expression or its local equivalent has in the existing law relating to land tenures in force in that area and shall also include—
      1. any jagir, inam or muafi or other similar grant and in the States of 4[Tamil Nadu] and Kerala, any janmam right;
      2.  any land held under ryotwari settlement;
      3. any land held or let for purposes of agriculture or for purposes ancillary thereto, including waste land, forest land, land for pasture
        or sites of buildings and other structures occupied by cultivators of land, agricultural labourers and village artisans;]
    2. the expression ”rights”, in relation to an estate, shall include any rights vesting in a proprietor, subproprietor, under-proprietor, tenure-holder, 1 [raiyat, under-raiyat] or other intermediary and any rights or privileges in respect of land revenue.]

Article 31B – Constitution of India

Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in article 31A, none of the Acts and Regulations specified in the Ninth Schedule nor any of the provisions thereof shall be deemed to be void, or ever to have become void, on the ground that such Act,
Regulation or provision is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by, any provisions of this Part, and notwithstanding any judgment, decree or order of any court or Tribunal to the contrary, each of the said Acts and Regulations shall,
subject to the power of any competent Legislature to repeal or amend it, continue in force.

Article 31C – Constitution of India

Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law giving effect to the policy of the State towards securing 4
[all or any of the principles laid down in Part IV] shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by 5 [article 14 or article 19]; 6and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such
policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy:

Provided that where such law is made by the Legislature of a State, the provisions of this article shall not apply thereto unless such law, having been reserved for the consideration of the President, has received his assent.

Article 31D – Constitution of India

[Saving of laws in respect of anti-national activities.] Rep. by the Constitution


Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35


Article 12 of Indian Constitution
Article 12 of Indian Constitution: Definition Article 12 Definition - Constitution Of India In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State’’ includes the ...
Article 13 of Indian Constitution
Article 13 of Indian Constitution: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the ...
Article 14 of Indian Constitution Right to Equality (Equality before law)
Article 14 of Indian Constitution: Right to Equality (Equality before law) Article 14 Right to Equality (Equality before law) - Constitution Of India The State ...
Article 15 of Indian Constitution
Article 15 of Indian Constitution: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth Article 15 Prohibition of discrimination on ...
Article 16 of Indian Constitution
Article 16 of Indian Constitution: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment Article 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment - Constitution ...
Article 17 of Indian Constitution Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability)
Article 17 of Indian Constitution: Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability) Article 17 Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability) - Constitution of India “Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in ...
Article 18 of Indian Constitution Abolition of titles
Article 18 of Indian Constitution: Abolition of titles Article 18 Abolition of titles - Constitution of India No title, not being a military or academic ...
Article 19 of Indian Constitution Right to Freedom
Article 19 of Indian Constitution: Right to Freedom (Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.) Article 19 Right to Freedom - Constitution of India ...
Article 20 of Indian Constitution
Article 20 of Indian Constitution: Protection in respect of conviction for offences Article 20 Protection in respect of conviction for offences - Constitution of India ...
Article 21 of Indian Constitution
Article 21 of Indian Constitution: Protection of life and personal liberty Article 21 Protection of life and personal liberty - Constitution of India No person ...
Article 22 of Indian Constitution
Article 22 of Indian Constitution: Protection of life and personal liberty Article 22 Protection of life and personal liberty - Constitution of India No person ...
Article 23 of Indian Constitution
Article 23 of Indian Constitution: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour Article 23 Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour ...
Article 24 of Indian Constitution
Article 24 of Indian Constitution: Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc. Article 24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc - Constitution of ...
Article 25 of Indian Constitution Right to Freedom of Religion
Article 25 of Indian Constitution: Right to Freedom of Religion, Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion Article 25 Right to Freedom ...
Article 26 of Indian Constitution
Article 26 of Indian Constitution: Freedom to manage religious affairs Article 26 Freedom to manage religious affairs - Constitution of India Subject to public order, morality ...
Article 27 of Indian Constitution
Article 27 of Indian Constitution: Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion Article 27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for ...
Article 28 of Indian Constitution
Article 28 of Indian Constitution: Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions Article 28 Freedom as to attendance ...
Article 29 of Indian Constitution Cultural and Educational Rights
Article 29 of Indian Constitution: Cultural and Educational Rights, Protection of interests of minorities Article 29 Cultural and Educational Rights, Protection of interests of minorities ...
Article 30 of Indian Constitution
Article 30 of Indian Constitution: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions Article 30 Right of minorities to establih and administer educational institutions ...
Article 31 of Indian Constitution – 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D
Article 31 of Indian Constitution: Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc. Article 31, 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D Saving of laws providing for acquisition ...
Article 32 of Indian Constitution – Right to Constitutional Remedies
Article 32 of Indian Constitution: Right to Constitutional Remedies, Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part. Article 32 Right to Constitutional Remedies - ...
Article 33 of Indian Constitution
Article 33 of Indian Constitution: Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc. Article 33 Power ...
Article 34 of Indian Constitution
Article 34 of Indian Constitution: Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area Article 34 Restriction on ...
Article 35 of Indian Constitution
Article 35 of Indian Constitution: Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part Article 35 Legislation to give effect to the provisions of ...
Article 31A of Indian Constitution
Article 31A of Indian Constitution Article 31A Constitution of India 31A - Constitution of India Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law providing for— ...

 

Scroll to Top