Article 30 of Indian Constitution

Article 30 of Indian Constitution: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

Article 30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions – Constitution of India

(1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

(1A) In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of an educational institution established and  administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause.

(2) The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.

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What is Article 30 of Indian Constitution

In simpler terms, Article 30 can be summarized as follows:

  1. Right to Establish and Administer Educational Institutions: All religious and linguistic minorities in India have the right to establish and manage their own educational institutions. This includes schools, colleges, and other educational facilities.
  2. Protection from Compulsory Acquisition: If the government decides to acquire the property of an educational institution established and administered by a minority, it must ensure that the compensation provided does not undermine or negate the right guaranteed in clause (1).
  3. Non-Discrimination in Granting Aid: The State (government) is not allowed to discriminate against any educational institution, whether run by a minority or not, when providing financial assistance or aid to such institutions.

Article 30 is aimed at safeguarding the educational and cultural rights of religious and linguistic minority communities in India, ensuring that they have the freedom to establish and manage educational institutions of their choice without facing discrimination.


Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35


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Article 15 of Indian Constitution

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Article 16 of Indian Constitution

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