Article 28 of Indian Constitution

Article 28 of Indian Constitution: Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions

Article 28 Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions – Constitution of India

  1. No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds.
  2. Nothing in clause (1) shall apply to an educational institution which is administered by the State but has been established under any endowment or trust which requires that religious instruction shall be imparted in such institution.
  3. No person attending any educational institution recognised by the State or receiving aid out of State funds shall be required to take part in any religious instruction that may be imparted in such institution or to attend any religious worship that may be conducted in such institution or in any premises attached thereto unless such person or, if such person is a minor, his guardian has given his consent thereto.

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What is Article 28 of Indian Constitution

In simpler terms, Article 28 can be summarized as follows:

  • In educational institutions that are fully funded by the state, no religious instruction can be provided. This means that the government-funded schools and colleges should not impart religious teachings.
  • However, if an educational institution is administered by the state but has been established under an endowment or trust that mandates religious instruction, then it is exempt from the restriction in clause (1).

Article 28 is a part of the fundamental rights provided in the Indian Constitution and is aimed at ensuring that educational institutions funded by the state maintain a secular character and do not promote any particular religion.


Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35


Article 12 of Indian Constitution

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Article 13 of Indian Constitution

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Article 14 of Indian Constitution Right to Equality (Equality before law)

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Article 15 of Indian Constitution

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Article 16 of Indian Constitution

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Article 17 of Indian Constitution Untouchability (Abolition of Untouchability)

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