Article 24 of Indian Constitution: Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
Article 24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc – Constitution of India
No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.
What is Article 24 of of Indian Constitution
Article 24 of the Indian Constitution addresses the prohibition of employment of children in hazardous occupations or factories. This article is part of the Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Constitution and is aimed at protecting the rights of children and ensuring their welfare.
Key provisions of Article 24 include:
- Prohibition of Child Labor: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory, mine, or any other hazardous employment.
- Definition of Hazardous Occupation or Factory: The article empowers the government to specify what constitutes a hazardous occupation or factory. This allows the government to define and update the list of hazardous occupations or factories as needed to protect children from dangerous work.
- Exceptions: There is an exception mentioned in the article that allows children to be employed in non-hazardous family enterprises or in the entertainment industry with certain safeguards. However, even in such cases, the conditions of work and safety must be regulated by law.
Constitution Of India Part 3 Fundamental Rights – Articles 12 to 35