Article 343 of Indian Constitution: Official language of the Union
Article 343 Official language of the Union – Constitution Of India
(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
(2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used immediately before such commencement: Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order1 authorise the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in this article, Parliament may by law provide for the use, after the said period of fifteen years, of—
(a) the English language, or
(b) the Devanagari form of numerals, for such purposes as may be specified in the law.
What is Article 343 of Indian Constitution
This article establishes Hindi in the Devanagari script as the official language of the Union of India. However, it also recognizes the continued use of the English language for official purposes for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of the Constitution. During this transitional period, the President has the authority to authorize the use of Hindi alongside English and the Devanagari script for certain official purposes.
Constitution Of India Part 17 Official Language – Articles 343 to 351
Article 346 of Indian Constitution – Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union
Article 347 of Indian Constitution – Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State
Article 349 of Indian Constitution – Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language
Article 350 of Indian Constitution – Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances