Article 342 of Indian Constitution: Scheduled Tribes
Article 342 Scheduled Tribes – Constitution Of India
(1) The President 3 [may with respect to any State 2 [or Union territory], and where it is a State 4 ***, after consultation with the Governor 5 *** thereof,] by public notification6 , specify the tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Tribes in relation to that State 2 [or Union territory, as the case may be].
(2) Parliament may by law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Tribes specified in a notification issued under clause (1) any tribe or tribal community or part of or group within any tribe or tribal community, but save as aforesaid a notification issued under the said clause shall not be varied by any subsequent notification.
What is Article 342 of Indian Constitution
Article 342 of the Indian Constitution deals with the “Scheduled Castes.” It provides the President of India with the authority to specify the castes, races, or tribes that are to be considered Scheduled Castes in various states and union territories of India. Here are the key points covered in Article 342:
- Power to Specify Scheduled Castes: Article 342(1) empowers the President of India to specify, by public notification, the castes, races, or tribes that are to be treated as Scheduled Castes in each state and union territory.
- Consultation with Governors: Before making such a specification, the President is required to consult with the Governor of the concerned state or union territory. This consultation helps ensure that the list of Scheduled Castes is tailored to the specific circumstances and demographics of each region.
- Parliament’s Authority: Article 342(2) states that Parliament can, by law, include or exclude any caste, race, or tribe from the list of Scheduled Castes in a particular state or union territory.
- Notification Effect: Once a caste, race, or tribe is specified as Scheduled Castes in a particular state or union territory, they are entitled to various benefits and reservations as provided by the Constitution and the laws enacted by Parliament.
Constitution Of India Part 16 Special Provisions Relating To Certain Classes – Articles 330 to 342