Article 315 of Indian Constitution: Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States
Article 315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States – Constitution Of India
(1) Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States
(2) Two or more States may agree that there shall be one Public Service Commission for that group of States, and if a resolution to that effect is passed by the House or, where there are two Houses, by each House of the Legislature of each of those States, Parliament may by law provide for the appointment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (referred to in this Chapter as Joint Commission) to serve the needs of those States.
(3) Any such law as aforesaid may contain such incidental and consequential provisions as may be necessary or desirable for giving effect to the purposes of the law.
(4) The Public Service Commission for the Union, if requested so to do by the Governor 1 *** of a State, may, with the approval of the President, agree to serve all or any of the needs of the State.
(5) References in this Constitution to the Union Public Service Commission or a State Public Service Commission shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed as references to the Commission serving the needs of the Union or, as the case may be, the State as respects the particular matter in question.
What is Article 315 of Indian Constitution
Article 315 of the Indian Constitution deals with the “Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.” It outlines the provisions related to the establishment and functions of Public Service Commissions at both the Union (central government) and State levels in India. Here are the key points covered in Article 315:
- Public Service Commissions for the Union and States:
- Article 315 establishes Public Service Commissions for the Union (referred to as the Union Public Service Commission or UPSC) and for each State (referred to as the State Public Service Commission).
- The UPSC is responsible for recruitment and appointments to various civil services and posts under the central government, while the State Public Service Commissions perform similar functions for state government services.
- Composition of the Commissions:
- The composition and functions of the UPSC and State Public Service Commissions are determined by the respective legislatures (Parliament for the UPSC and State Legislatures for State Commissions).
- The President of India appoints the Chairman and other members of the UPSC, while the Governor of the State appoints the Chairman and members of the State Public Service Commissions.
- Independence of the Commissions:
- Article 315 ensures the independence of Public Service Commissions by stating that the conditions of service and tenure of office of members of such Commissions shall be governed by laws enacted by the respective legislatures.
- This independence is crucial to maintain the integrity and impartiality of the recruitment and selection processes.
- Functions of the Commissions:
- The primary functions of these Commissions include conducting examinations, interviews, and assessments to recommend suitable candidates for various government services and posts.
- They also advise the government on matters related to personnel management and administration.
- Role in Recruitment:
- Public Service Commissions play a crucial role in the recruitment and selection of candidates for various civil services, including the prestigious Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Forest Service (IFS), among others.
Constitution Of India Part 14 Services Under The Union And The States – Articles 308 to 323