Article 153 of Indian Constitution: Governors of States
Article 153 Governors of States – Constitution Of India
There shall be a Governor for each State: Provided that nothing in this article shall prevent the appointment of the same person as Governor for two or more States.
What is Article 153 of Indian Constitution
Article 153 of the Indian Constitution deals with the “Governors of States.” It outlines the appointment, powers, and functions of the Governor of each state in India. Here are the key points covered in Article 153:
- Appointment: The Governor of a state is appointed by the President of India. While the Governor is not elected by the people of the state, they act as the constitutional head of the state and represent the President at the state level.
- Qualifications: Article 153 specifies that the Governor must be a citizen of India and should have completed the age of 35 years.
- Oath or Affirmation: The Governor is required to take an oath or affirmation of their office before the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned state or, in their absence, the senior-most judge of that court.
- Term of Office: The term of office of the Governor is not fixed by the Constitution. The Governor serves at the pleasure of the President, which means they can be removed from office by the President at any time.
- Powers and Functions: The Governor is the constitutional head of the state and performs various functions, including the following:
- Summoning and proroguing the state legislature (Legislative Assembly).
- Addressing the state legislature on the first day of its first session each year.
- Dissolving the state Legislative Assembly when necessary.
- Giving assent to bills passed by the state legislature before they become law.
- Appointing the Chief Minister, who is usually the leader of the majority party in the state legislature.
- Representing the state in its relations with the central government.
- Discharge of Functions: The Governor is expected to exercise their powers and discharge their functions with the advice of the Council of Ministers (headed by the Chief Minister). However, there are certain situations where the Governor may act independently, particularly in matters related to the dissolution of the state assembly or the imposition of President’s Rule in the state.
Constitution Of India Part 6 The States – Articles 152 to 237