Article 54 of Indian Constitution – Election of President

Article 54 of Indian Constitution: Election of President

Article 54 Election of President – Constitution Of India

The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of—

(a) the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and

(b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.

Explanation.—In this article and in article 55, ”State” includes the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union territory of *Pondicherry.

PDF Download Article 54 of Indian Constitution, Constitution of India Article 54

What is Article 54 of Indian Constitution

In simpler terms, Article 54 can be summarized as follows:

  • Composition of the Electoral College: The President of India is elected by an Electoral College, which includes the following members:
    • Elected members of both Houses of Parliament (i.e., the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha).
    • Elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
  • Proportional Representation: The election of the President is conducted using the system of proportional representation through the single transferable vote method. This means that voters rank their preferences, and the President is elected based on a proportional representation of these preferences.
  • Secret Ballot: Voting in the presidential election is done by secret ballot, ensuring the privacy and confidentiality of the votes cast.

Article 54 is a crucial provision that outlines the democratic process for electing the President of India, who holds a largely ceremonial role in the country’s governance. The use of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote is intended to ensure that the President is elected in a fair and representative manner.


Constitution Of India Part 5 The Union – Articles 52 to 151


Article 52 of Indian Constitution

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Article 53 of Indian Constitution

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Article 54 of Indian Constitution – Election of President

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Article 55 of Indian Constitution – Manner of election of President

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Article 56 of Indian Constitution – Term of office of President

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Article 57 of Indian Constitution – Eligibility for Re-Election

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