Article 39 of Indian Constitution: Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State
Article 39 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State- Constitution Of India
Article 39 of Indian ConstitutionThe State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing—
(a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
(b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;
(c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength;
(f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
Article 39A of Indian Constitution – Equal justice and free legal aid
Article 39A of Indian Constitution: Equal justice and free legal aid
The State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.
What is Article 39 of Indian Constitution
In summary, Article 39 emphasizes the following principles:
- Right to Adequate Means of Livelihood: Citizens, both men and women, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.
- Equitable Distribution of Material Resources: The ownership and control of community resources should be distributed in a way that serves the common good.
- Preventing Concentration of Wealth: The economic system should not lead to the concentration of wealth and means of production, which could be detrimental to society.
- Equal Pay for Equal Work: There should be equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
- Protection of Worker’s Health: The health and strength of workers, as well as the well-being of children, should not be abused, and citizens should not be compelled to take up vocations unsuitable to their age or strength.
- Protection of Children and Youth: Children should be provided with opportunities and conditions for healthy development, and they should be protected against exploitation and abandonment.
Constitution Of India Part 4 Directive Principles Of State Policy – Articles 36 to 51